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BCUL 1670A - Citizenship and Migration in Europe: Contemporary Debates and Trends

Type d'enseignement : Seminar

Semester : Autumn 2017-2018

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English

Pre-requisite

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Course Description

Citizenship is an ambiguous concept that can be given different meanings. When it is used in the context of migration, it may refer to the range of rights that citizens enjoy, to the legal membership of a state, and it can even be conceived as the expression of a national identity. Since the 1980s, citizenship has gained new visibility in the public debates and policies of European states, and various social actors (political parties, associations) have often disagreed about the different meanings or dimensions of the concept. Citizenship policies are more and more concerned with the ‘integration' of migrants and they have been developed both at the national level and at the supranational level, all the more so since the institutionalisation of the European citizenship through the Maastricht Treaty in 1992. Over the last thirty years, a growing literature has explored the institutional changes that have been brought to citizenship (Hansen and Weil, 1999; Howard, 2009; Joppke, 2010) as well as engaging with the normative issues which have been raised by its return to the public sphere (Kymlicka and Norman, 1994; Kostakopoulou, 2010). The purpose of this course is to provide an insight into the contemporary sociological and theoretical debates that deal with citizenship policies in the context of migration. These include, but are not limited to: the ‘devaluation' of citizenship in a post-national world where the granting of rights is being disconnected from the possession of citizenship; the liberalisation of citizenship policies through the progressive institutionalisation of mixed legal regimes based on jus soli and jus sanguinis; the commodification of citizenship with the development of a market around civic and language tests for naturalisation applications; also the renewed use of citizenship as an instrument to address security issues such as ‘terrorism' with the revival of citizenship deprivation. The course will explore these issues through a review and discussion of key scientific contributions to the field of citizenship studies which has developed at the nexus of different disciplines over the past thirty years. Citizenship studies provide a good example of how specific research perspectives in political science (public policy analysis, political sociology, political theory) may treat the same object in different ways and how they can sometimes be articulated together in interdisciplinary contributions. Beyond discussing citizenship, the course will then be an opportunity to address more general concerns in political science research (how do we assess change, how do we build a comparative framework, how do we investigate on institutions, how can we combine theory and empirical research…). The focus of the course will be placed on Western Europe, even though the discussion will sometimes extend to other regions, such as North America.

Teachers

FARGUES, Emilien L. (Etudiant doctorant)

Required reading

Joppke, C., 2010. Citizenship and Immigration, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Additional required reading

  • Brubaker, R., 1994. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany, Harvard: Harvard University Press.
  • Hansen, R. and Weil, P., 2001. Towards a European Nationality. Citizenship, Immigration and Nationality Law in the EU, London: Palgrave.
  • Howard, M. M., 2009. The Politics of Citizenship in Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.