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DAFF 2290A - The International Community and the Troubled Middle East

Type d'enseignement : Elective

Semester : Spring 2017-2018

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English

Pre-requisite

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Course Description

Whatever is meant by “Middle East”, traditionally defined as the region extending from Egypt to Iran, or more recently, after the 9/11 attacks, as a « Broader Middle East » from Morocco to Afghanistan and Pakistan, this part of the world has always been described as dominated by external actors : European imperial powers, especially Great Britain and France, until the turning point of the Fifties ; the two superpowers of the Cold War, the United States and the USSR, until 1991 ; the American “hyperpower” until the tipping point of the Invasion of Iraq in 2003 ; and the Russian “coming back” as illustrated by the last developments in the Syrian drama. Since the Iraqi quagmire, the United States as the other actors of the International Community seem to be unable to prevent a regional tilt towards a sense of chaos conveyed by the failure of the “Arab springs”, the crumbling of the modern States and borders, the growing autonomy of the local actors and the emergence of new transnational non-State actors such as al-Qaeda and more recently the Islamic State. The course will try to make the point about the actors' identity, the current situation of crises more and more threatening for the international security, and to bring out some keys of understanding.

Teachers

THENARD, Pierre (Directeur des relations internationales)