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DDRO 1985A - Current Challenges to Interna. Law: Rise, Decline or Transformation of the Intertl Legal Framework

Type d'enseignement : Elective

Semester : Autumn 2017-2018

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English



Course Description

Since the end of the Cold War, international law is increasingly challenged by some States and other actors (e.g. States using force outside the cases prescribed by the UN Charter) as well as new phenomena, notably the development of new technologies (e.g. outer space activities, cyberspace, robotics or also artificial intelligence). The objective of the course is twofold. Firstly, providing the necessary background on international law and to understand the new challenges it is facing. Secondly, inviting the attendees to engage and discuss these challenges and their effects on international law. Hence, the objective is mainly to develop the analytical and critical skills. Ultimately, the attendees will apprehend how international law and policy can be challenged by new questions and technological evolution, and how international norms adapt or transform in such circumstances.


DELERUE, François G. (Chercheur cyber défense)

Required reading

Heike Krieger and Georg Nolte, The International Rule of Law - Rise or Decline? - Points of Departure (KFG Working Paper Series No. 1 2016), available online:

Additional required reading

  • Kenneth Anderson and Matthew Waxman, Law and Ethics for Autonomous Weapon Systems: Why a Ban Won't Work and How the Laws of War Can (Task Force on National Security and Law, Hoover Institution, Stanford University 2013), available online:
  • Michael N. Schmitt, ‘International Law and Military Operations in Space' (2006) 10 Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law 89, available online:
  • Michael N. Schmitt, ‘The Law of Cyber Warfare: Quo Vadis?' (2014) 25 Stanford Law & Policy Review 269, available online:
  • Barrie Sander, ‘Cyber Insecurity and the Politics of International Law' (2017) ESIL Reflection, available online: