Accueil > Violence, memory and amnesia : political conflicts in 20th century chile

DHIS 2030A - Violence, Memory and Amnesia : political conflicts in 20th century chile

Type d'enseignement : Elective

Semester : Autumn 2017-2018

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English

Pre-requisite

aucun

Course Description

Chile has experienced a series of political, economic, social and cultural upheavals during the twentieth century. We suggest to examine the phenomenon of violence, memory and amnesia through the history of political conflicts. We will underline the roles of silence, oblivion, repression and humiliation in the formation of authoritative and dictatorial regimes and will oppose them to the exaltation of memory in the legitimization of a cause, solid core around which are driven beliefs and ideals, hopes and disillusions, a noria with a double impulse, return to the past and projection onto the future. We will carry out a diachronic analysis, introducing the historical and sociological context of 19th century Chile, before exploring the period stretching from the beginning of the 20th century to the democratic transition in 1989, and concluding on the return of speech through the victims' testimony. From the rise of political consciousness to egalitarian combats, from conservative regimes to progressive governments, from the experience of Popular Unity to Pinochet's military coup, the study of Chile is a probing illustration of the intertwine of opposites and contraries shaping a collective consciousness. The class will propose a pluridisciplinary point of view in order to embrace the complexity of political and cultural change, as well as an innovative pedagogy; historical archives, testimonies and documentaries will provide the background for a reflective study relying on systemic analysis and strong bases of methodology. An important space will be given to constructive debates rising from multifaceted problematic. Guest speakers from different fields (lawyers, authors, film directors) will be invited to address the group, in order to share knowledge and experience, and give professional and personal points of views on different aspects of the course, stimulating an interactive conversation with the students.

Teachers

GROUES, Delphine (Directrice exécutive des études)

Course validation

End of semester essay ; oral presentation ; class participation.

Required reading

BABY, Sophie, COMPAGNON, Olivier & GONZALEZ CALLEJA, Eduardo (dir.), Violencia y transiciones politicas a finales del siglo XX. Europa del Sur-América latina, Madrid, Ed. de la Casa Velázquez, 2009

Additional required reading

  • CHARBONNEAU, Bruno, Geneviève, PARENT, Peacebuilding, memory and reconciliation, London, Routledge, 2011
  • GÁRATE CHATEAU, Manuel, La revolución capitalista de Chile (1973-2003), Santiago, Ediciones Universidad Alberto Hurtado, 2012
  • COICAUD, Jean-Marc, L'introuvable démocratie autoritaire : Les dictatures du Cône Sud, Uruguay, Chili, Argentine (1973-1982), Paris, L'Harmattan, 1997
  • COLLIER, Simon et SATER, William F., A history of Chile, 1808-1994, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996
  • LEFRANC, Sandrine, Politiques du pardon, Presses universitaires de France, 2002
  • DINGES, John, The Condor years, New York, The new press, 2004
  • DUBET, François, TIRONI, Eugenio, Pobladores : luttes sociales et démocratie au Chili, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2000
  • HALBWACHS, Maurice, La mémoire collective, Paris : Albin Michel, 1997
  • JOXE, Alain, Le Chili sous Allende, Paris, Gallimard, 1974
  • KALFON, Pierre, Allende, 1970-1973, Paris, Atlántica, 1998
  • KLEIN, Naomi, The shock doctrine: the rise of disaster capitalism, New York, Metropolitan Books, 2007
  • KORNBLUH, Peter, The Pinochet file, New York, New Press, 2004
  • MARTIN, Arnaud, La mémoire et le pardon. Les commissions de la vérité et de la réconciliation en Amérique Latine, L'Harmattan, 2009
  • MORRIS, David J., We Must Make Haste-Slowly, the process of revolution in Chile, New York, Vintage Books Ed, 1973
  • ROTH-ARRIAZA, Naomi, The Pinochet effect: transnational justice in the age of Human rights, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006
  • ROUQUIÉ, Alain, L'Etat militaire en Amérique Latine, Mayenne, Ed du Seuil, 1982
  • STERN, Steve J., Battling for Hearts and Minds, Memory Struggles in Pinochet's Chile 1973-1988, Duke University, 2006
  • STERN, Steve J., Remembering Pinochet's Chile. On the eve of London 1998, Duke University, 2004
  • FILMOGRAPHY : Carmen CASTILLO, Calle Santa Fe, Ina, 2007
  • FILMOGRAPHY : Patricio GUZMAN, Chili, la mémoire obstinée, Films d'ici et Europe Image Internationale, 1996
  • FILMOGRAPHY : Patricio GUZMAN, Le Cas Pinochet, Renn productions, Les Films de la Passerelle, 2001
  • FILMOGRAPHY : Patricio GUZMAN, La bataille du Chili, Montparnasse, 2004
  • FILMOGRAPHY : Emilio PACULL, Héros fragiles, Montparnasse, 2007