Accueil > The constitutional foundations of the european union

KEUR 2180A - Constitutional Foundations of the European Union (The)

Type d'enseignement : Lecture and tutorials

Semester : Autumn 2017-2018

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English



Course Description

The 20th century was the scene for the turn from bilateralism to multilateralism and regionalism in the framework of international relations. The phenomenon of regionalism is always the result of a social construction, not of some kind of natural process. There is always a common social reason at the core of each regional integration project. Therefore we should consider this element when studying a regional entity. The course covers in detail the constitutional foundations of the most advanced organisation of integration, the European Union and its internal market, the world's largest domestic market. During each session, we will situate the topic of the class in the ongoing debates and challenges the EU is currently facing (economic crisis, Brexit, state of the rule of law, immigration…). In the first part of the course, devoted to the Constitutional Foundations of the European Union, we shall focus on the Actors, the Processes, the Principles and the Tools that frame the process of European integration in legal terms. We start with the sources of the European project and study the institutions of the European Union: the Commission, the Council of Ministers, the European Council, the European Parliament and the European Court of Justice. Our objective is to understand the internal dynamics of the institutional setting as it is since the Lisbon treaty entered into force (December 2009), so as to assess each institution's impact on law-making. We pay particular attention to legal tools, legal integration and the Judicial Architecture of the European Union. The first part of the course also focus on the protection of fundamental rights in the EU (case law, Charter) with a special attention to the current negotiations on the accession of the EU to the ECHR. The last class will explore the limits of EU constitutional law.


  • RUSSO, Eleonora (Enseignante et responsable pédagogique du master Affaires Européennes)
  • STREHO, Imola (Secrétaire générale à l'École doctorale - Former référendaire at the European Court of Justice / Associate Professor)

Pedagogical format

During the classes we will keep lecturing to the minimum and engage in discussion with the students. Therefore, for each class you must read the assignments specific to the topic of the class beforehand and be able to discuss them in depth. This preparation is necessary to follow classes proactively. The class will focus mainly on legal, but if necessary also on economic and political issues.

Course validation

Students will be graded according to the ECTS system used at Sciences Po according to the following break-down: - 40% of the grades for the mid-term. The exam will take place on the session of the 16th of October and will be a multiple choice test that will last 1 hour. The second hour of the session will be dedicated to the correction of the test with the TA that will go though the each question with the students. - 50% final exam in a date to be determined according to the Sciences Po exams' calendar. It will last 3 hours. The exam will be held on Moodle and will be composed of two parts: a multiple choice test and 3 short open questions. - 10% participation in class.



Required reading

  • Catherine BARNARD, Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, 4th ed, 2013
  • Claude BLUMANN et Louis DUBOUIS, Droit matériel de l'Union européenne, Montchrestien, 5e ed., 2009 [341-83-DUB-2006]
  • Damian CHALMERS, European Union Law, Text and Material, CUP, 2nd ed, 2010
  • Paul CRAIG et Grainne de BURCA, EU Law. Text, Cases and Materials, Oxford University Press, 5th ed., 2011
  • Renaud DEHOUSSE, La Cour de Justice des Communautés européennes, Montchrestien, Coll. « Clés », 2e ed., 1997 [341.813-DEH-1997]

Additional required reading

  • Jean-Paul JACQUÉ, Droit institutionnel de l'Union européenne, Dalloz, 4e ed., 2006 [341.811-JAC-2006]
  • Fritz SCHARPF, Governing in Europe, Oxford University Press, 1999 [8° 210.944]
  • Robert SCHÜTZE, European Union Law, Cambridge University Press, 2015
  • Josephine SHAW, Law of the European Union, 3d ed
  • Mads ANDENAS and Wulf-Henning ROTH, Services and Free Movement in EU Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003
  • Catherine BARNARD and Joanne SCOTT (eds.), The Law of the Single European Market: Unpacking the Premises, Hart, Oxford, 2005
  • Frank S BENYON, Direct Investment, National Champions and EU Treaty Freedoms, Hart, Oxford, 2010
  • Paul CRAIG et Grainne de BURCA, The Evolution of EU Law, Oxford University Press, 1999 [341.8-CRA-1999] and 2011 2nd edition.
  • Antoine BAILLEUX, Les interactions entre libre circulation et droits fondamentaux dans la jurisprudence communautaire, Bruylant, Bruxelles, 2009
  • Julio BAQUERO CRUZ, Between Competition and Free Movement, Hart Publishing, 2002
  • Laurence W. GORMLEY, EU Law of Free Movement of Goods and Customs Union, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009
  • Nicolas JABKO, Playing the Market, Cornell University Press, 2006 [8° 261.245]
  • Miguel MADURO, We the Court, Hart Publishing, 1998 [8° 221.327]
  • Paul MAGNETTE, Le régime politique de l'Union européenne, Presses de Sciences-Po, 2e ed., 2006 [341.81-MAG-2006]
  • Peter OLIVER (ed.), Oliver on Free Movement of Goods in the European Union, 5th edition, Hart, Oxford, 2010
  • Helen WALLACE, Policy-Making in the European Union, Oxford University Press, 5th ed., 2005 [341.812-WAL-2005]
  • Joseph WEILER (ed.), The EU, the WTO and the NAFTA: Towards a Common Law of International Trade?, Oxford University Press, 2000