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KGLM 2135 - Mobility issues in large metropolis

Type d'enseignement : Lecture alone

Semester : Autumn 2017-2018

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English

Pre-requisite

It is suggested that the students find some time to start a press review of the main debates and stakes on mobility. For the students who are not familiar with mobility issues, the required readings will be a good introduction. For the French readers, reading « Les usages de la mobilité, pour une ingénierie des modes de vie » will be a plus.

Course Description

Driven by the proliferation of lifestyles, cities diversify their public transportation offer and encourage new patterns of « sustainable mobility ». Face with this situation, some large metropolis develop their structuring public transportation (metro, tramway, BRT, bus), others rely on a wide variety of alternatives (taxis, transport demand, carsharing, ridesharing, bikesharing, TNC, etc.) that expand the range of transport services. The purpose of this course is to explore and discuss how large metropolis position themselves in relation to private car. Particular attention will be paid towards the effects of this relationship on policy making, social inclusion, automobile dependence and negative externalities (urban pollution, road safety, congestion, etc.).

Teachers

LOUVET, Nicolas (Chief Executive Officer, 6T)

Pedagogical format

12 sessions of 2 hours. During the first two lectures, we will discuss and study the most relevant theories and debates regarding mobility. After that and for the rest of the semester, the first half of each class will be a lecture on a specific mobility subject, the second half will revolve around a controversy presentation by two groups of students.

Course validation

Grades will be determined by : the research project, controversy debates and the quality of a student's participation including during the controversy lectures. 1) Research project : the main objective of this project will be for the students to invent or adapt a new mobility service based on interviews with officials managers, CEO, founders from existent new mobility services companies and startups. Based on results from the interviews, students will have to present their ideas to create or to adapt a new mobility solution that will address mobility issues and transform the cities and people transportation experience. 2) Controversy debates : Four to six controversies on mobility solutions will be prepared and discussed by group of students. The class will be separated into two groups: one in favor and the other against the controversy. Using a PPT support, each group will have 20 minutes to convince. Arguments will be based on concrete examples within large metropolises. The illustrations will be based on data sourced and interviews with local actors. Following the presentations, each group will ask 4 questions to the opposing team. Ultimately the entire class will have to vote for the most convincing team. One session called "surprise mobility" will be reserved for a fieldwork. Students will have to prepare assigned readings for each session.

Required reading

  • FLAMM M. (2005), A qualitative perspective on travel time experience, Conference Paper for STRC-2005, 5th Swiss Transport Research Conference, Monte Verità, Ascona, March 9-11 2005.
  • GEERLINGS H. (2012), Transition towards sustainable mobility, the role of instruments, individuals and institutions, Ashgate http://catalogue.sciencespo.fr/ark:/46513/sc0001262043
  • KAUFMANN V. (2011), Rethinking the city, Urban dynamics and motility, EPFL Press, Distributed by Routledge http://catalogue.sciencespo.fr/ark:/46513/sc0001261927
  • SCHWANEN T., KWAN M.-P., (2008), “The Internet, mobile phone and space-time constraints”, Geoforum, Volume 39, pp 1362-1377.
  • URRY J. (2000), Sociology Beyond Societies, London, Routledge, 272 p.

Additional required reading

  • 6t-bureau de recherche (2013), Les usages de la mobilité, pour une ingénierie des modes de vie, Locos http://catalogue.sciencespo.fr/ark:/46513/sc0001261928
  • AGUILÉRA A,WENGLENSKI S., PROULHAC L. (2009), “Employment suburbanisation, reverse commuting and travel behaviour by residents of the central city in the Paris metropolitan area”, Transportation Research. Part A, General, Elsevier, 43 (7), pp 685-691.
  • AGUILERA Anne, GUILLOT Caroline, RALLET Alain, 2012, Mobile ICTs and physical mobility: Review and research agenda, Transportation Research Part A 46, p. 664–67
  • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965856412000067
  • BANISTER D. (2011), “The trilogy of distance, speed and time”, Journal of Transport Geography, 19, pp 950–959
  • COHEN G., SALOMON I., NIJKAMP P. (2002), “Information–communications technologies (ICT) and transport: does knowledge underpin policy?”, Telecommunications Policy, 26 (1–2), 31–52.
  • COUCLELIS H. (2004), “Pizza over the Internet: e-commerce, the fragmentation of activity and the tyranny of the region”, Entrepreneurship & regional development, 16, JANUARY, pp 41–54
  • HAGERSTRAND T. (1970), “What about people in regional science”, Papers of regional science association, 24, pp 7-21.
  • KELLERMAN A. (2011), “Mobility or mobilities: Terrestrial, virtual and aerial categories or entities?”, Journal of Transport Geography 19 (2011) 729–737.