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OCAF 2050 - POLITICAL ECONOMY OF SUB SAHARAN AFRICA

Type d'enseignement : Seminar

Semester : Autumn 2017-2018

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English

Voir les plans de cours et bibliographies

Pre-requisite

None

Course Description

With about 1.2 billion inhabitants, Africa currently hosts about 15% of the world's population. Given the expected growth, Africa could become the most populated continent by the end of the century, with a population above 4 billion people in 2100. Certain analysts therefore believe that Africa will inevitably become the next emerging continent. However, for the time being it still remains very dependent on the rest of the world, even marginalised within the globalisation process, producing only 3.5% of the global GDP and participating in only 3% of international trade. How can we explain Africa's economical evolution since the end of colonisation? How have internal and international factors impacted the trajectory of African economy? What is responsible for the current poor situation of African countries? Is it due to strictly internal problems and the continuous interference of external powers in African affairs from foreign governments, international organisations as well as non-State actors (multinationals, international NGOs, etc.)? What are the consequences of globalisation on the political and economic system of African countries? Is the growing involvement of China and other emerging countries in Africa an opportunity for the development of the continent? This course aims to explain the current political and economic situation in Africa and analyse the multiple factors of Africa's misdevelopment. To do so it is necessary to study the complex implication of all kinds of actors involved in Africa's affairs through a multi-disciplinary approach, including political science, economy, and sociology. Drawing a historical perspective is also necessary. The course aims to think about Africa through its insertion in globalisation and to analyse how this insertion impacts the local political systems, and vice versa, without falling neither into fatalistic afropessimism nor into naïve afrooptimism.

Teachers

COPINSCHI, Philippe (Freelance Consultant in the field of Energy)

Pedagogical format

Seminar

Course validation

Each group (composed of two or three students) is required to prepare a paper (about 5 pages + annexes) on a case study to be defined in discussion with the teacher. The paper is to be handed in on the day before the relevant session, and to be presented to the class (duration: max 20 min) with a complete Power Point presentation (including maps, charts, diagrams, pictures, videos, etc.). The evaluation will be based on the paper, the presentation, a take home exam and the participation.

Required reading

  • Jedrzej George Frynas and Manuel Paulo, “A New Scramble for African Oil? Historical, Political, and Business Perspectives”, African Affairs, (2007) 106 (423), p. 229-251
  • Jean-François Bayart, “Africa in the World: A History of Extraversion”, African Affairs, 99 (395), 2000, pp. 217-267
  • Stephen Ellis, "West Africa's International Drug Trade", African Affairs, (2009) 108 (431), p. 171-196
  • Richard Auty, "How natural resources affect economic development", Development Policy Review, (2000-12) vol.18, n°4, p. 347-364

Plans de cours et bibliographies

Session 1 – General presentation of the course

Session 2 –The State and the African economy: from colonial neo-mercantilism to the crisis of contemporary State

  • Reading: Jean-François Bayart, “Africa in the World: A History of Extraversion”, African Affairs, 99 (395), 2000, pp. 217-267
  • Cartographical exercise

Session 3 – The “Françafrique” and the end of the post-colonial model. Changes and continuity in the French presence in Africa: strategic reappraisal and privatisation of economic interests.

  • Case study: The roots of the crisis in Côte d’Ivoire

Session 4 – Africa and globalisation: marginalisation or dependent integration? Are the structural adjustment plans a cure worse than the disease?

  • Case study: The African cotton sector
  • Case study: Migrations and remittances

Session 5 – Oil and Gas sectors in Africa

  • Reading: Jedrzej George Frynas and Manuel Paulo, “A New Scramble for African Oil? Historical, Political, and Business Perspectives”, African Affairs, (2007) 106 (423), p. 229-251.

Session 6 & 7  – The “Resource Curse”, theory and practice

  • Reading: Richard Auty, "How natural resources affect economic development", Development Policy Review, (2000-12) vol.18, n°4, p. 347-364.
  • Case study: Nigeria: Oil as a fuel of misdevelopment and bad governance
  • Case study: The DRC: a large-scale looting economy?
  • Case study: Botswana: the diamond miracle?
  • Case study: Will Mozambique be able to avoid the resource curse?

Session 8 – An emerging civil society: the role of civil societies in the struggle against corruption and mismanagement of oil and mining revenues.

  • Case study: Chad: lessons learned from a failed attempt to impose transparency and accountability in the management of oil revenues
  • Case study: The EITI and PWYP experiments in Africa

Session 9 & 10 – Developing Africa and regional integration

  • Case study: Is Ghana a model for good development practices?
  • Case study: Can South Africa be a leading force for regional integration?
  • Case study: Ethiopia: the next African emerging country?
  • Case study: Botswana: the diamond miracle?
  • Case study: The East African Community (EAC) integration process

Session 11 – Towards the criminalisation of Africa’s economy?

  • Reading: Stephen Ellis, "West Africa's International Drug Trade", African Affairs, (2009) 108 (431), p. 171-196.
  • Case study: The rise of narco-States in West Africa
  • Case study: Piracy around Africa

Session 12 – Africa and the new emerging countries. An opportunity for the African economy?

  • Case study: Economic and strategic consequences of the growing presence of China in Africa
  • Case study: Other emerging country: India, Brazil, etc.

Short biography

Philippe Copinschi wrote his thesis in political science on the issue of oil resources and governance in Africa. Prior to completing his Ph.D. at Sciences Po, he earned two Masters, one in Political Science from Sciences Po and another in Management Science from the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium. He currently works as a freelance consultant in the field of energy, especially on the issues of security of supply and of governance in oil-producing developing countries (mainly Africa), for energy companies, consultancy firms, governments and international organizations as well as NGOs. He also teaches a course on the Geopolitics of Energy and is a Seminar Leader in World Politics at Sciences Po Paris. He is the author of the Atlas de la mondialisation. Comprendre l’espace mondial contemporain (co-author with M-F. Durand, Th. Ansart, B. Martin, P. Mitrano and D. Placidi, published at the Presses de Sciences Po, 2013) and of Le pétrole, une ressource stratégique, La Documentation Française (coll. Les Etudes), 2012.
Contact details: philippe.copinschi@sciencespo.fr