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OGLM 2030 - Latin American Metropolis

Type d'enseignement : Seminar

Semester : Spring 2017-2018

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English

Pre-requisite

None

Course Description

The objective of this class is to study the governance of urban public space in contemporary Latin America. It provides basic understanding of the ways such key issues as poverty, inequality and violence affect the use of public space, and it explores the policy instruments the major cities use to address them. In order to grasp concrete strategies of public space management, the class refers to street arts as natural experiments.

Teachers

DABENE, Olivier (Professeur des Universités à Sciences Po)

Pedagogical format

The class is divided in four parts. Part I is composed of two introductory sessions. The first one defines the main concepts used in the class (governance and public space) and introduces the analytical framework recommended to investigate the case studies (Part IV). The second one reviews the way some of the main features of Latin American patterns of urbanization were shaped by a long history since the colonial era. Part II addresses two dramatic issues affecting urban public space in Latin America: inequalities and gentrification on one side, and violence and fear on the other. Part III looks at two innovative policy instruments designed to upgrade the large cities' governability: local deliberative decision-making and international circulation of best practices. Finally, part IV surveys a series of city case studies. No prior knowledge of Latin America is required.

Course validation

Students are expected to do all the readings indicated for each session of Parts II and III and participate in discussions. They should all come to class prepared to explain the argument of the reading and discuss it (25% of the final grade). In addition, they are invited to prepare a case study. Case studies are evidence-based analysis of a city using the framework presented by the professor. The students are expected to make a 20-minute PowerPoint (or Prezi) presentation of their case study (25% of the final grade). Finally, a 20 000 sign (3 000 words) individual research paper is due for the end of the semester. It can be an extended version of the power point presentation (50% of the final grade).

Required reading

  • Angotti, Tom, “Urban Latin America: violence, enclaves and struggles for land”, Latin American Perspectives, 40(2), 2013, p.5-20
  • Muggah, Robert and alii, Making cities safer: citizen security innovations from Latin America, Igarapé Institute, Strategic paper, 20 june 2016
  • Barros, Samuel & Rafael Sampaio, “Do citizens trust electronic participatory budgeting? Public expression in online forums as an evaluation method in Belo Horizonte”, Policy and Internet, 8(3), 2016, p.292-312
  • Alderdice, Jacob, “Impeding local laboratories: obstacles to urban policy diffusion in local government law”, Harvard Law & Policy Review, 7, 2013, p.459-474