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ADRO 23A10 - Constitutional Law

Type d'enseignement : Lecture and tutorials

Semester : Autumn 2018-2019

Number of hours : 48

Language of tuition : English

Pre-requisite

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Course Description

The objective of this course (24h) is to discover and understand the French political regime and constitutional system (1958-2018) and to be able to understand the stakes of their evolution and the current reforms. It is complemented by a seminar (24h), which will open up comparisons with other systems and constitutional models, including in the context of the democratic transition in some countries. From the case of French constitutional law, the course can open avenues for reflection on the evolution of constitutional law. The course is organized around three sequences: * the origins, the inspiration and the foundations of the French 5th Republic. * the political institutions of the legislative and executive branches of power, with a view to highlighting the balance of power between the Head of State, government and Parliament. The course also examines the Constitutional Council and the working of the constitutional justice system. * the evolution of French political institutions in the context of the European Union and in respect of globalization and how it affects the constitutional law of nation states.

Teachers

TURK, Pauline (Professeur de Droit Public)

Pedagogical format

Part 1 – The main features of the French constitution 1. The inspirations of the political regime of 1958 2.The particularities of the French parliamentary regime 3.The adaptative factors of the Constitution 4.Evolution of political regime (1958-2018): presidentialism and its consequences 5. July 23, 2008: the constitutional reform of the 50th anniversary and its current developments Part 2 – The French Political institutions 6. Status of the President of the Republic 7.Powers of the President of the Republic 8. The Government: status and powers 9. The Parliament: law making process and relationships between executive and legislative branch of powers 10. Constitutional Council and Constitutional review Part 3 – Current constitutional issues 11. Integration in the European Union and the existence of a “European constitutional law” 12. Internationalization, globalization and standardization of world constitutions

Course validation

The final exam constitutes 1/3 of the course grade, while the seminar grade constitutes the remaining 2/3 of the course grade.

Required reading

  • Jean Brissaud, « A History of French Public Law », Forgotten Books, 2018, 646 p.
  • Olivier Duhamel et Guillaume Tusseau, « Droit constitutionnel et institutions politiques », 3e édition, Seuil, 2013
  • David Marrani, « Dynamics in the French Constitution: Decoding French Republican Ideas », Routledge, 2013
  • Marcel Morabito, « Histoire constitutionnelle de la France de 1789 à nos jours », 15e édition, LGDJ, 2018
  • Martin Rogoff, « French Constitutional Law: Cases and Materials », Carolina Academic Press, 2013, 569 p.

Additional required reading

  • Cindy Skach, « Borrowing Constitutional Designs: Constitutional Law in Weimar Germany and the French Fifth Republic », Princeton University Press, 2005
  • Eva Steiner, « French Law: A Comparative Approach », 2018, OUP Oxford, 336 p.
  • Pauline Türk, « Les institutions de la Ve République », et « Principes fondamentaux du droit constitutionnel », 11e édition, Lextenso-édition, Gualino, 2018