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KINT 7770 - Gender and Development in the 21st Century

Type d'enseignement : Seminar

Semester : Spring 2019-2020

Number of hours : 24

Language of tuition : English


The advanced seminar is open for 2nd year Students that have already attended the course on Gender and Development from a Rights-Based Approach, Achieving gender equality in International Cooperation (PSIA) or a similar course (elsewhere).

Course Description

/!\ TITLE : Gender and Development in the 21st Century - Focusing on the Rights of Persons of "Diverse Sexual Orientation" in Development Cooperation

This advanced seminar on Gender and Development in the 21st Century, focuses on ‘gender' in the broader sense. While in most of the partner countries, gender is still understood as a binary social construct, challenges appear in the international cooperation, to consider also the rights of people with diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. “The notion that there are two and only two genders is one of the most basic ideas in our binary Western way of thinking. Transgender people challenge our very understanding of the world. And we make them pay the cost of our confusion by their suffering.” ** The “development cost” adds to this “human cost” when some groups are privileged and others are excluded from participating and benefiting from poverty reduction, economic growth and development. This course invites students to get a deeper understanding of the challenges development cooperation faces while committing to the principle of “leave-no-one-behind”, as the Agenda 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals) requests. Students are expected to participate actively and keep an open mind during class debates.

** Findlay, as cited in Egale Canada Human Rights Trust , ‘Outlaws & In-laws: Your Guide to LGBT Rights, Same-Sex Relationships and Canadian Law' (2003) at 46.


RAVESLOOT, Saskia (Director - SARACO bvba, Office for Gender and Human Rights)

Pedagogical format

The pedagogical approach is interactive and combines lectures with teamwork. During class, students are invited to take an active role and come prepared to join discussions. Preparation consists of building arguments, based on suggested reading.

Course validation

The grading and assessment is a combination of:
- the participation in class discussions (30%)
- a mid-term assessment (30%)
- a final group work to be presented during class at the end of the course (40%).


The workload of the course consists of readings in preparation of the lectures, listed in the outline of the course. Each unit requests approximatively 6 hours reading. The seminar relies on the active participation of the students and the willingness to prepare and defend personal opinions in class.

Required reading

  • Dominic McGoldrick (2016) The Development and Status of Sexual Orientation Discrimination under International Human Rights Law, Human Rights Law Review, 16, 613-668
  • Michael O'Flaherty and John Fisher, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and International Human Rights Law: Contextualising the Yogyakarta Principles, Human Rights Law Review 8:2 (2008), 207-248.
  • Philip Alston and Ryan Goodman, 3. Civil and Political Rights, Part B. Normative Foundation of International Human Rights, C. Evolution of Human Rights: Sexual Orientation Discrimination in International Human Rights, Oxford University Press, 2013, 220- 238.

Additional required reading

  • Diane Otto, ‘International Human Rights Law: Towards Rethinking Sex/Gender Dualism and Asymmetry' in Margaret Davies and Vanessa Munro (eds), The Ashgate research companion to feminist legal theory (Ashgate 2013) Chapter 11
  • The Yogyakarta Principles, Principles on the application of International Human Rights Law in Relation to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.
  • Additional Principles and State Obligations on the Application of International Human Rights Law in Relation to Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Gender Expression and Sex Characteristics to Complement the Yogyakarta Principles.